Biomaterials, Tissue Engineering and regeneration
The research community has an extensive international network of partners within the university and in industry. The research community has also participated in several EU-funded projects and has in addition been awarded the Birkeland Innovation Prize for 2008.
Biomaterials can be defined as artificial materials designed to replace a body part or bodily function and which are able to function together with living tissue without resulting in negative reactions. Dentists use various types of biomaterials to a great extent in the treatment of patients. Tooth filling materials and prosthesis materials are the biomaterials that have been most predominantly used and are still used by dentists.
Biomaterial research at the Faculty of Odontology has focused during recent years on solving issues associated with tooth implants with the objective to improve the quality of implants so that dentists will be able to offer better and more predictable treatment for their patients. A generic term for most of these projects is tissue regeneration.
Biomaterial research at the Faculty of Odontology has been actively involved in many projects conducted primarily at the Clinical Research Laboratory, and lab tests on animals are carried out at the Norwegian Institute of Public Health or The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science's Small Animals Department.
Biomaterial and Tissue regeneration projects
- Biomimetic proline-rich synthetic peptides for enhanced bone regeneration
- Effect of fluoride modified TiO2 scaffolds on bone cells and in vivo bone regeneration
- Effect of mechanical load on bone formation
- Efficacy of root canal instrumetation and filling techniques
- Epigenic factors in hard tissue formation
- Extra cellular matrix molecules in bone formation
- Histological Characterization of the Bone Remodeling Compartment and its involvement in Bone Marrow Lesion and Skeletal Metastasis
- Identification of genes involved in bone homestasis
- Non-resorable scaffold for bone engineering
- Polyunsaturated fatty acids as a coating material for bone implants to control bone adhesion
- Semi-resorbable Polymer materials for Bone Engineering and Regeneration
- Stem cells for bone tissue engineering
- Surface modifications for hard tissue growth
- Surface modification of dental implant abutments for better soft tissue integration
- Targeted bone modulation during tooth movement